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英语翻译A crucial problem of government and corporations concern

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英语翻译
A crucial problem of government and corporations concerns power-and the abuse of it.American lives are dominated by large public and private organizations.The public organizations,primarily government agencies,affect almost every area of their experience.They register births,provide education and social services,record our marriages,regulate many of the conditions of employment,collect taxes,influence countless aspects of lives through thousands of laws,and finally register deaths.The private organizations,primarily business corporations,provide jobs for the bulk of the population and supply most of consumer needs,from banking and television services to clothing and gasoline.American lives and their entire complex civilization are largely dependent on big organizations.Yet these organizations,originally established to satisfy needs and improve the quality of lives,are often experienced as oppressive,unresponsive,impersonal,inefficient,arrogant,and even corrupt.Particularly since the Watergate scandal of the early 1970s,it has been apparent that the major organizations in American society sometimes work in concert to advance their own interests rather than those of the people.The lack of public answerability of these large organizations has become a major social problem.
Government and corporations are widely distrusted in the United States.The presidencies of Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon were marked by a well-founded public belief that their administrations were deliberately and systematically lying to the people.Distrust of government reached its height during the Watergate affair,when the discovery of the abuse of power drove a president from office.Although Nixon himself was pardoned by his successor and escaped accountability for his acts in office,the Watergate affair led to the trials and convictions of many high public officials on such charges as extortion,perjury,conspiracy,subverting the course of justice,misuse of campaign funds,bribery,illegal wiretapping,and tax fraud.

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政府和公司的突出问题之一涉及权力以及对权力的滥用.美国人的生活充斥着大型的政府和私人组织.而这些政府组织会影响到生活所有的方方面面.他们登记出生,提供教育和社会服务,登记结婚,调节我们就业的种种条件,收取税款,通过数以千计的法律条规影响生活中数不清方方面面,最终再登记我们的死亡.私人组织基本上是各种公司,他们给人口的一大部分提供工作,也提供大部分消费者需求;从银行到电视到衣着到汽油.普通美国人的生活和他们整个复杂的文化都得依靠这些大组织.但就这些组织而言,他们本来成立的目的是满足大众的欲望和提高他们的生活水平,但却往往表现得沉闷,反应迟钝,毫不人性化,低效率,傲慢自大甚至腐败.特别是自从1970年代早期的水门事件,我们可以很明显地看到美国的大公司,大组织们常常狼狈为奸,照顾着的是他们自己的利益而非大众的利益.大公司对于民众缺乏一个交代这种现象已经成为严重的社会问题.
在美国,政府和大公司被普遍不信任.林登.约翰逊和理查德.尼克松两人的总统任期已经被公共认知标为故意和系统性地向人民撒谎.对政府的不信任在水门事件中达到至高点,那时一位总统因滥用权力被发现而被迫下台.虽然尼克松本人已被他的继任原谅,也逃脱了对于他在任期间的种种的责任;水门事件导致很多高官因勒索,作伪证,阴谋,颠覆事实,滥用选举经费,贿赂,非法窃听和偷税漏税等等罪名被审讯和定罪.
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